The Riddle of the Sappho-Corvina
Naldo Naldi's encomiastic letter poem in four books, De laudibus augustae bibliothecae car-mina, provides the fullest description of Matthias Corvinus's library. His list of authors, however, includes a couple of baffling items such as Sappho's poems, which, according to our present knowledge, did not survive Byzantine times. Concerning the possible availability of the Lesbian poetess's works in Buda, scholarly opinions differ considerably. Those ones who take Naldi's de-scription basically reliable would at least leave open the possibility of a real Sappho manuscript belonging to the Corvinian library. Others are more sceptical. Some of them ascribe the inclusion of her works into the catalogue to the panegyrical mode of the poem and the flattering attitude Naldi shows towards the king. A most influential interpretation considers the whole encomium as a poetic vision about the ideal humanistic library, a fictional construction which should be under-stood on its own fictional terms. This paper offers a different approach and explanation for Sap-pho's presence in Naldi's poem and the Royal Library in Buda, and it also explores the literary and theoretical context into which the Florentine poet's canon-forming encomium can be placed.
The Development of the trilingual press publicity in Brassó /Bra.ov, Kronstadt/ in the 1830's
In the second half of the 1830's, the Transylvanian press witnessed some remarkable events. This is the period when Johann Gött, a typographer of German origin started in Brassó – with the help of local merchants – the printing of newspapers in German, Hungarian and Romanian lan-guages. It was Gött's merit to organize, support and keep up, as a bourgeois undertaking, the tri-lingual press of Brassó in these years.
The first issue of Siebenbürger Wochenblatt /Transylvanian Weekly/ appeared in May 1837. At the same time, Gött was also the publisher of a Romanian literary weekly appearing from the beginning of the same year. In the next year, the typographer published the first Hungarian-language newspaper appearing in Brassó, entitled Erdélyi Hírlap /Transylvanian Newspaper/, as well as the first Transylvanian political newspaper in Romanian, Gazeta de Transilvania /The Gazette of Transylvania/.
The study focuses on the analysis of Erdélyi Hírlap and its supplement, entitled Mulattató /Paper for Amusement/. In spite of the fact that the Hungarian weekly was published only for two years, it represented an important initiative taking into account the social and cultural conditions of Transylvania in the 1830's.
The beginning of providing the political police with technical literature in the '50-s
The sorrowful activity of the political police in the second half of the 20th century is of special significance in Hungarian history. Desperate fights were still continuing in the country when the Provisional Government backed by the Russian troops made a decision about the establishment of the state security police demanded by the Communist Party. Unfortunately, the intention of the antifascist clearance of public life was closely linked to the plan for the extrusion of political op-ponents. Uneducated and unskilled people became members of the state security police staff, who needed immediate professional and literacy training. The first short course was organised on 11 July 1945, which was followed by longer and more intense courses later. In 1951, a one-year school named Dzerzsinszkij started to train officers.
Closer examination of the former political police in Hungary could begin only after the chang-ing of regimes. The Historical Archive was established in 1997, where the files of the communist state security services are accessible. Training books and periodicals are stored in the library. Taking into account the timely political situations and goals, the study investigates the issues, content and usage of these training documents. Besides content analysis, the author introduces a library catalogue that survived from 1959. This examination gives additional information to the characteristics of the training.
The scope of the study is connected to the training of the communist political police through its "publishing" activity. It is an unexplored field, therefore, the essay can be a useful reading for all interested people, especially for researchers dealing with the political police, and also for ex-perts dealing with historical bibliography.
A digitális változat és a nyomdai változat között kisebb eltérések lehetnek.