| December 2006 |
Vallás – bölcselet
Emberi méltóság – filozófiai gondolkodás
Gáspár Csaba László
„Ki a bölcs közületek?”
Bakos T. Gergely
Az egyháztörténet a teológia és a történetírás metszéspontjában
Ricardo Reis Tahitin (vers)
A prototeológiától a vallásbölcseletig
(1.) Talált vers az utazásról; Harmincöt
Devóció, hitvallás, poézis – karácsonyi énekeink értékszerkezete
Az ökumenikus állapot és párbeszéd Európában
Vallás, antropológia, politika
Kiket is üldözött a „dolgozók állama”?
Közel és távol: 1956
Lükő Gábor alapműve és aktualitása a jelenlegi csángókutatásokban
Kinda István–Peti Lehel
A kisebbségi kérdés megoldásának egy pozitív példája: Dél-Tirol esete (I.)
A magyar kultúra irányvételének kérdései európai és finanszírozási összefüggésekben
Mű és világa
Az örök élet keresztény hite
Egy lírikus ’56-ban
„Az idő őrlésének kitéve”
Sümegi György bevezetőjével
Egy pad, két szereplő
A Korunk könyvajánlata
Trágár szavak szótára
Gergely T. Bakos
Who among You Is Wise? From the Limits of Scholastic Theology towards Interreligious Dialogue
This paper treats the problem of theological epistemology with the help of two mediaeval theologians, Ramón Lull (1232/1233-c.1316) and Nicholas of Cusa (1401-1464). This topic concerns our possibility of coming to a knowledge of God, and it can be related both to the recognition of the limits of scholastic theology and to inter-religious dialogue. The study draws a sketch of Ramón’s and Nicholas’s criticism against scholastic theology and offers a more detailed consideration of the latter’s second most important work, the De Coniecturis (1440). Nicholas’s thought is interpreted within the broader framework of his manuductive concern. A short comparison contrasting the Cusanian ars coniecturalis with the Lullian ars gives the possibility to evaluate Nicholas’s project, and his mystical theology opens up fruitful perspectives both for the Cusanian studies and for an interreligious dialogue. Nicholas’s example amply demonstrates that faithful engagement in the Church’s life, critical theological reflection and dialogue with other religions are not mutually contradicting options.
Questions of Direction in the Hungarian Culture in a European and Financial Context
The premises of the study show how important it is for the researcher to have an own interpretation of culture. Based on this assumption, it highlights the importance of the Renaissance model, as a model in which art and science were intermingled. Finally it calls to attention that the intercultural/multicultural point of view is favorable for the research of culture. The second part of the paper contains a data analysis which presents the Hungarian cultural support system. According to this, in the last fifteen years the Hungarian state supported financially with a sum of 50 billion HUF the Hungarian research institutes, schools, cultural organizations, projects and different events beyond the borders of the Hungarian state. But, as recent evaluations have shown, this supporting system was based on a policy lacking any conception, in which the most important, quite ideologically sounding slogan was the supporting of the „remainder in their fatherland”. If no conception is found to become the basis of this supporting system, it will lead towards chaos, its efficiency will be lost, and finally it will also show that the participation of politics in culture has only negative effects.
Devotion, Confession, Poetry – The Value System of Our Christmas Carols
The literary and practical value of the 17th century Christmas songs represents a balance between the early Christian motifs expressing abstract theological doctrines, the affective elements of the Gothic spirituality, and artistic expression. In the case of the cantios this balance is expressed by the proportionality of topoi of theological and spiritual character. This strong expressivity became superficial along the centuries: due to the so-called pius dictamen the songs often transformed into chansons.
The History of the South-Tyrol Region
The South-Tyrolian German minority – counting a number of 260.000 persons – is living in one of the best circumstances among the European minorities. Moreover, the South-Tyrol region is one of the best developed regions of Europe. The paper presents the history of this minority and the history of the South-Tyrol region from the Middle Ages until the present. First of all, it attempts to answer the question if the situation of South-Tyrol represents a political and economical example for those borderline regions of Central-Europe which have similar problems.
Church History between Theology and Historiography
Nowadays we witness a paradigm shift in the international research, which shifts the focus of attention from „Church history” to the „history of Christianity”. This, however, is not reflected in the Hungarian, mostly Catholic church historiography, where the theological (eschatological) approach still prevails. From a scientific point of view, that cannot be considered a valid interpretational approach anymore. At the same time, there is a Hungarian-oriented church historiography as well, which is satisfied with source analysis, but suffers from lacks of basis to draw any wider, farther reaching consequences. Most of the historical essays are ad hoc, a fact originated from the lack of an institutional and professional network. There seems to be little chance in the near future to change this situation, because there is hardly any tradition of a historiography without ideological bias.
Religion, Anthropology, Politics. On the Habermas–Ratzinger Debate
The paper analyses some problems posed by a discussion between Ratzinger and Habermas held in 2004. This debate was concerned with the pre-political, moral foundations of the liberal state, and focused on the possible role that religion may gain in this respect. Furthermore, it can be interpreted as an important element of the so-called post-secular discourse evolving in contemporary social science and philosophy. Although the discussion of Habermas and Ratzinger touches upon essential questions as the matters of law and political theology, the essay addresses another crucial issue that is present in it, namely the anthropological bases of the included theories. Relying on Ricoeur’s analysis of the symbolic character of the idea of evil, it argues that this may function as a common element in a dialogue between religion and philosophy. However, it also clarifies that the „meaning potential” that Habermas attributes to religious ideas are of such a nature that might surpass the limits which Habermas seems to admit with regard to this post-secular discourse, and points to essential differences between the otherwise converging arguments of Ratzinger and Habermas.
From Prototheology to the Philosophy of Religion
In his article the author presents the philosophical development that took place between his two important publications, God in Parentheses and Philosophy of Religion. In God in Parentheses he
aims to develop a new kind of philoso-phical–theological thinking on the basis of Edmund Husserl’s phenomenology. His second main work, Philosophy of Religion attempts to advance further his earlier insights into the importance of this kind of thinking. As opposed to God in Parentheses, where the historical framework is European phenomenology, in Philosophy of Religion it is Western thought that is reconsidered in order to advance a unique position in the philosophy of religion. The author shows how God in Parentheses already contains many of the important elements of the second book. He emphasizes the continuity between the two works, which are considered a unique and characteristic development in Hungarian language philosophy of religion.
Ecumenical Condition and Dialogue in Europe
A survey of the Békés Gellért Ecumenical Institute, Pannonhalma, in the spirit of Mark 5,25–34, explores the ecumenical condition in Europe, the roots of division, the role of education and reception. The paper looks at the ways how local congregations live, consult their ministers and are encouraged; and how the sacraments embody the peak and foundation of community life, making peace and grace present. Ecumenical dialogue also involves faith, peace, healing and solidarity in Church and society. The acknow-ledgment of our responsibility in ecumenical engagement, and the globalisation of dialogue hopefully lead us to Christian enlightenment and resurrection in unity.